Identifies the value of individual hues:
Use the uniquely shaped contours and surrounding greys:
To surround any hue/colour for an accurate value reading.
To interpret value differences or contrasts between hues.
To view hues of any value and compare colours correctly with those of surrounding objects, distant or near.
Mid-gray absorbs and reflects equal amounts of white light, allowing the viewer to see hues correctly without the influence of other colours.
Raising or lightening the value of a hue:
Lightening pigment hues with white changes the absorption/reflection levels of white light, raising the value of the original hue, and placing the lightened hue into a new category of a chromatic white neutral which reflects only 3 to 5% of the original hue, or a tint of the original hue. This depends on the amount of white added.
(Tints are often referred to as pastels)
Lowering or deepening the value of a hue:
Deepening a hue with black, grey or a complementary colour (colours directly opposite on The Colour Wheel), lowers the value level, darkening the hue and reducing the intensity of the original colour. Deepening with black now places the hue into a new category of a chromatic black neutral, which reflects only 3 to 5% of the original hue, or a shade of the original hue, depending on the amount of black added. Deepening with grey or a complement creates a tone, which subdues or dulls the original colour.
Using the Gray Scale & Value Finder will help determine the new value levels.